19th century victorian fashion

19th century victorian fashion

Updated July 30, 2006

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Primary Documents - Timelines - Maps, 1800 - 1850: From Jefferson to the coming of the Civil War, Manifest Destiny & the Wild West, Industrial Revolution, Women's Rights, Inventions & Railroad History, The Gilded Age, Spanish-American War & Imperialism, The Progressive Era - Populism, Various Misc. Topics

PRIMARY DOCUMENTS
EyeWitness To The 19th Century - EyeWitness To The American Civil War - EyeWitness To The Old West
The Avalon Project : 19th Century Documents
  Chronological List of Primary Documents at the Library of Congress  
  The Avalon Project : Louisiana Purchase; 1803 and Associated Documents 
  The Avalon Project : Louisiana Purchase Treaty; April 30,1803
  War of 1812 and Associated Documents
The Avalon Project : Monroe Doctrine 1823 
   The Avalon Project : Kansas - Nebraska Act 1854
The Avalon Project : British-American Diplomacy
The Avalon Project : Spanish-American Diplomacy
The Avalon Project : Franco-American Diplomacy 1778 - 1843
The Avalon Project : German-American Diplomacy
The Avalon Project : Mexican-American Diplomacy
Documents of the U.S.-Mexican War
The Avalon Project : Statutes of the United States Concerning Native Americans
  Oneida Nation Treaties Project
Treaties Between the United States and Native Americans
Relations Between The United States & Native Americans
INDIAN AFFAIRS: LAWS AND TREATIES. TABLE OF CONTENTS. 
  Writings of Thomas Jefferson 
  The Homestead Act of 1862
Chinese Exclusion Act, 1882
  Dawes Act, 1887 
   The Overland Trail Diaries
  Overland Trails Documents, 1843-1860 
   PBS - THE WEST - Archives
  Words and Deeds in American History: Selected Documents 
Documents from the LOC on Women's Rights 
  Votes for Women: Selections from the National American Woman Suffrage Association, 1848-1920 
  By Popular Demand: "Votes for Women" Suffrage Pictures, 1850-1920 
  Documents Relating to American Foreign Policy Prior to 1898
  Democracy in America 
  Joint Resolution of the U.S. Congress Reaffriming Principles of the Monroe Doctrine
  Virgin Land: The American West as Symbol and Myth 
Frederick Jackson Turner: The Frontier In American History - the "Father of Western History" - complete text!  For a specific chapter, check Turner: Table of Contents 
  A Literary History of the American West 
  The Nineteenth Century in Print: the Making of America in Periodicals
    1805 New England Primer Contents 
  1807 New England Primer Contents 
   More Documents are listed below that relate to each topic.  Also, check out my main General U.S.A. History. For Civil War documents, check out my Civil War Primary Documents webpage.
TIMELINES OF THE 19TH CENTURY
19th Century American Culture
  SECTIONAL ISSUES 1815-1860 
1815-1841: The Age of Jackson and Ante-Bellum Reform Timeline
1845-1916: Gilded Age: From Frontier to Factory Timeline
1854 - 1919: Imperialism and World War I Timeline
1869 - 1921: Populism and Progressivism Timeline
  TIMELINE: Events in the West: Prehistory - 1917 
  Historical Timeline of Transcontinental Railroads 
For many more timelines, check out each topic below or visit the timeline section on my General U.S.A. History page.
  MAPS & IMAGES
Historical Maps of the United States 
  OUTLINE MAPS: HISTORICAL U.S. 
  ANIMATED MAP: History of the United States: Territorial expansion 1790-1861
  ANIMATED MAP: History of the United States: The Westward Trails 
  OUTLINE MAPS: HISTORICAL U.S. 
  MAP: Early Indian Tribes, Culture Areas, & Linguistic Stocks - West U.S.
  MAPS: Exploring the West from Monticello: Columbus to Lewis & Clark 
  MAP: Trails and Territories Index
  MAP: Texas Cattle Trails 
  MAP: Settlement of the United States by 1800 & 1900 (from Reisenett: Historical Maps of the United States)
  U.S. Census Maps 1790-1930 
   Timemap - US Borders
  Historical Graphics - Political Cartoons Photographs and Advertising
  History of the 19th Century in Political Cartoons 
   Political Cartoons and Cartoonists
  Image Gallery 
  Paintings of George Catlin
Railroad Maps Collection 
  TreasureNet Historical Image Collection
  Settling the Land 
  Farming the Land 
  Sacred Legacy: Edward S. Curtis and the North American Indian 
  Clip art links to Western and Native American graphics 
For still more maps and images, check out each topic below or visit the Map section on my General U.S.A. History page. Civil War maps available on my Civil War Maps webpage.
DIPLOMACY IN THE 19TH CENTURY
The Avalon Project : American Diplomacy - 1778 to the Present 
  U.S. Diplomatic History - On the Road to Empire 
1801-1829: Jeffersonian Diplomacy
1830-1860: Diplomacy of Westward Expansion
1866-1913: Diplomacy and the Rise to Global Power 

JEFFERSONIAN AMERICA 
OUTLINE: Jeffersonian Era
  COMPLETING THE REVOLUTION 
  Jefferson's First Inaugural - 1801 
  Jefferson's America, 1800-1840
  Thomas Jefferson Online
  Jefferson to Jackson 
  Monticello: The Home of Thomas Jefferson 
  1801-1829: Jeffersonian Diplomacy 
  Jefferson and the Barbary War 
AMERICAN MILITARY HISTORY: The Formative Years, 1783-1812 
  U.S. Military History: Early National Era  
  The Avalon Project: Louisiana Purchase; 1803 and Associated Documents 
  AMERICAN ECONOMIC GROWTH 
For more, check out the Jefferson links on my From Colonies to Revolution and Presidents webpages.
THE MARSHALL COURT - MARBURY v. MADISON, McCULLOCH v. MARYLAND
OUTLINE: The Legacy of the Marshall Court (1801-1835)
John Marshall Essay
  Marbury v. Madison (1803) 
  Marbury v. Madison, Landmark Supreme Court Cases 
  McCulloch v. Maryland, Landmark Supreme Court Cases 
For more, check out the Supreme Court links on my U.S. Government page.
LOUISIANA PURCHASE
MAP: Louisiana Purchase
Louisiana Purchase; 1803 and Associated Documents 
  Louisiana Purchase 
    Louisiana Purchase Treaty
   Century of Lawmaking: The Louisiana Purchase Legislative Timeline 
LEWIS AND CLARK
PBS Online - Lewis and Clark
  TIMELINE: Lewis & Clark
  MAP: Lewis and Clark Expedition
  The Voyage of Discovery Continues: A Satellite View of the Journey of Lewis and Clark's Journey
      The Journals of Lewis and Clark 
   lewis and clark expedition 
  PLANNING THE  LEWIS AND CLARK EXPEDITION
  Lewis & Clark National Historic Trail (National Park Service)
   Lewis and Clark @ nationalgeographic.com
  Lewis and Clark's Historic Trail
  Lewis and Clark Trail - Re-live the Adventure of the Corps of Discovery
  Discovering Lewis and Clark
  The Adventures of Lewis and Clark
  Lewis and Clark Trail Heritage Foundation
  Sacagawea
Rivers, Edens, Empires: Lewis & Clark and the Revealing of America (Library of Congress)  
  Lewis and Clark - For Teachers (Library of Congress) 
ALEXANDER HAMILTON VS. JEFFERSON - & HIS DUEL WITH AARON BURR
Hamilton vs. Jefferson
  The Rise and Fall of Alexander Hamilton 
  The American Experience | The Duel 
  The American Experience | The Duel | Dueling, American Style 
  Aaron Burr
USA: Aaron Burr Jr 
For more on Hamilton, check out the section on the NEW NATION on my From Colonies to Revolution page.
THE JAMES MADISON YEARS & THE WAR OF 1812
James Madison's War Message to Congress, 1812 
  Mr. Madison's War 
  Chronology of the War of 1812 
  MAPS: War of 1812
  OUTLINE: War of 1812 
  CHART: Key Events & Causes: War of 1812 
  PRIMARY DOCUMENTS: War of 1812  
  THE WAR OF 1812
  War of 1812 Website 
  Origins of War of 1812
Fort McHenry - For more on the history of the "Star Spangled Banner", please visit my General U.S.A. History page.
Major Battles of the War of 1812 in the U.S.
  American Military History: The War of 1812 
War of 1812 - 1814
War of 1812 
  NAMED CAMPAIGNS - WAR OF 1812
Tecumseh: His Role in the Cause and Conduct of the War of 1812
Women in War of 1812
Free Men of Colour and Choctaw Indian Volunteers at New Orleans, 1814
    Treaty of Ghent; 1814
  War of 1812 - Suggested Further Readings 
For more on Madison, check out my Presidents webpage. 
"OLD IRONSIDES"
The oldest commissioned ship in the US Navy!
USS CONSTITUTION: "Old Ironsides" Official Website
USS Constitution, "Old Ironsides"
Navy Fact File: USS Constitution
THE ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS & THE MONROE DOCTRINE - HANDS OFF AMERICA!!!
JAMES MONROE: The Era of Good Feelings
  Why the Monroe Doctrine? 
  Latin America and the Monroe Doctrine 
The Avalon Project: Monroe Doctrine 1823
  Joint Resolution of the U.S. Congress Reaffirming Principles of the Monroe Doctrine 
For more info, check out the sites on James Monroe on my Presidents page.
THE JACKSONIAN ERA
TIMELINE: Jackson Era
  OUTLINE: Jacksonian Era 
  MAP: 1830 U.S. Territory 
  JACKSONIAN DEMOCRACY 
  The Age Of Jackson, 1830-1857 
  USA: A biography of Andrew Jackson 1767 - 1845 
  The Cherokee Trail of Tears - 1838-1839 - The Trail of Tears - Cherokee Indians forcibly removed from North Georgia - Land Cessions of American Indians in Georgia - For more on the Trail of Tears, check out my Native Americans page. 
   JACKSON COMES TO POWER: THE ELECTION OF 1828
  The Age of Jacksonian Democracy 
  Jacksonian America (Andrew Jackson on the Web) 
  "Tales of the Early Republic" 
Readings in Jacksonian America 
Jacksonian Miscellanies
   Social Changes in Jackson Era U.S.A.
United States Geography in the Early Republic
Brief Biographies of Jackson Era Characters
Educational Institutions in the Early Republic
Jefferson to Jackson
  Jacksonian Democracy Essay
    Andrew Jackson, Second Annual Message 
  ANDREW JACKSON ON NULLIFICATION - For other events leading to the Civil War, check out my Civil War webpage.  
For more, check out the Andrew Jackson section on my Presidents page.
RELIGION IN 19TH CENTURY AMERICA & THE SECOND GREAT AWAKENING
The Nineteenth Century - Divining America: Religion and the National Culture
  Nineteenth Century - Evangelicalism, Revivalism, and the Second Great Awakening 
Rise of Evangelicalism 
  Evangelicalism as a Social Movement 
    Religion in the Civil War: The Northern Side - For more on how religion impacted the Civil War, check out my Civil War webpage.  
  Mormonism and the American Mainstream 
  The American Jewish Experience through the Nineteenth Century
  Roman Catholics and Immigration in Nineteenth-Century America
  African-American Religion in the Nineteenth Century, Part II
Dod on Finney Part One
Historical Notes on Individual Churches in the Early Republic 
For more on the history of Religion in the United States, check out my General U.S.A. History page.
ALEXIS DE TOCQUEVILLE: A Frenchman's Impressions of American Democracy
In Search of Tocqueville's Democracy in America
  Democracy in America 
Democracy in America: Alexis de Tocqueville - the complete text!
SPAIN OUT OF AMERICA
Independence in Spanish America, 1808-1826 
For more info, check out my Texas History page.
MEXICAN - AMERICAN WAR
Invasiуn Yanqui: The Mexican War
MAPS: Mexican War
  CHART: Mexican-American War Events
  POLITICAL CARTOONS: The Mexican War and Slavery
The U.S.-Mexican War (1846-1848) - PBS 
  The U.S.-Mexican War, 1846-1848 
Frequently Asked Questions About the U.S.-Mexican War
  Tyler, Polk, and War with Mexico 
  The U.S.- Mexican War: Statistics
  Documents of the U.S.-Mexican War 
   THE MEXICAN WAR AND AFTER 
  Mexican War and the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo
  Mexican War
  Our Documents - Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848)  
The History Guy: The Mexican-American War
Manifest Destiny and the Mexican War 
   Descendants of Mexican War Veterans
Women in the Mexican American War
    A Mexican Viewpoint on the War With the United States: An Overview 
  Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo(February 2, 1848) 
SECTIONALISM & THE COMING OF THE CIVIL WAR
OUTLINE: Sectionalism & National Growth
   OUTLINE: Reform, Manifest Destiny, Sectionalism, Civil War and Reconstruction 
  SECTIONAL ISSUES 1815-1860 
  Making Extremists – Sectional Tensions and Causes of the American Civil War
  Coming Of The Civil War, 1850-1860
   Sectional Conflict 
  Ways of Life North and South
  Reform, Expansion and War 
  Ante-Bellum America, 1840-1860 
     Ferment of the 1850's
  African American Journey: Missouri Compromise of 1820 
    MANIFEST DESTINY: AN EMPIRE FOR LIBERTY--OR SLAVERY?
  THE MARKET REVOLUTION, 1815-1860 
  THE GATHERING TEMPEST, 1853-1860 
  Nullification Crisis
South Carolina’s Protest Against the Tariff of 1828 
  ANDREW JACKSON ON NULLIFICATION 
    Henry Clay
Henry Clay and the Supreme Court
Ashland: The Henry Clay Estate, Lexington, KY
  Daniel Webster - Defender of the Constitution 
  Compromise of 1850
Compromise of 1850 - Break up of Texas (includes Maps) 
        Daniel Webster's notes for his speech to the United States Senate favoring the Compromise 
  John C. Calhoun
  John C. Calhoun in the U.S. Capitol
     John C. Calhoun, "Slavery a Positive Good," 6 February 1837
  John C. Calhoun's speech to the United States Senate against the Compromise
  DANIEL WEBSTER: Liberty and Union, Now and Forever, One and Inseparable
  Stephen Douglas's Compromise of 1850 Speech 
The United States in the 1840s: EXPANSION AND MANIFEST DESTINY 
  APPROACH TO WAR: AMERICA IN THE 1850s 
For much, much more - visit my Civil War & Slavery & Abolition webpages!

"GO WEST YOUNG MAN!"
Although this famous quote has been associated with Horace Greeley, he did not originate it. The saying was actually "coined" by an Indiana newspaperman named John Soule in 1851. Later, Greeley re-printed Soule's entire article so he would receive the credit he deserved.

MANIFEST DESTINY
OUTLINE: Expansionism & Manifest Destiny
  ANIMATED MAP: History of the United States : Territorial expansion 1790-1861
Coining the Phrase "Manifest Destiny"
USA: Index on Manifest Destiny 
   Manifest Destiny, Westward Movement, Civil War 
  Manifest Destiny Introduction Page
  The United States in the 1840s: EXPANSION AND MANIFEST DESTINY
  John L. O'Sullivan on Manifest Destiny, 1839 
    Which "Old West" and Whose? 
  PBS - THE WEST - Empire Upon the Trails
  Westward Expansion and Regional Differences 
  The Making of The United States: Westward Expansion 1783 to 1890 - Empire? 
THE FUR TRADE
TIMELINE: A Brief History of the Fur Trade
MOUNTAIN MEN AND THE FUR TRADE 
  Descriptions of Mountain Men 
The Fur Trade Learning Centre 
  Effects of the Fur Trade on American Indians
  FUR TRADE: The Indian an indispensable partner 
Canoes 
  The Canoe: portraits of the great fur trade canoes 
The Fur Trading Posts
The Beaver Fur Hat 
   Women in the Fur Trade
Speaking the language of the fur trade
The Chinook Trade Jargon - Introduction 
White Oak Society - Deer River, Minnesota
White Oak Fur Post - Links
Library of Fur Trade Historical Source Documents
Introduction to Osborne Russell's Journal of a Trapper 
  Mountain Men Links 
Did you know? A ten-gallon hat holds three-quarters of a gallon.
ON THE TRAIL - OREGON, MORMON, OVERLAND, & SANTA FE TRAILS - PIONEER LIFE - HOMESTEADING
TIMELINE: Oregon Trail, 1841-1866 
  ANIMATED MAP: History of the United States: The Westward Trails 
  MAP: Oregon Trail 
  MAP (clickable): Overland Trail--Map of Julesburg to Ft.Bridger
  MAP: Old Spanish Trail, 1846
   MAP: Settlement of the United States by 1810 - by 1850 - by 1900 
  MAP: Westward Expansion 1815-1845 - 1835-1850 - 1850-1890 
  MAPS: California and Oregon, 1846 - 1876 
  MAP: Native American Western Reservations, 1875 
  Timemap - US Borders
  Overland Trails Documents, 1843-1860 
   Oregon Trail
    Oregon Trail History Library - Main Menu
  Oregon Trail FAQ 
  Welcome to the End of the Oregon Trail
  The Official Web Site of the National Oregon/California Trail Center 
  Oregon-California Trails Association 
The Oregon Trail Home page
The Oregon Trail in Western Nebraska
Kansas Historic Trails, Old West Kansas KS - Santa Fe Trail, Oregon Trail
  Oregon Trail History: Historic Trails: Old West Kansas  
    Fantastic, Funny, & Weird Facts about the Oregon-Trail
   The Overland Trail
  OCTA -- Emigrants 
OCTA -- Trail Medicine
OCTA -- Stories from the Trails
OCTA -- Trail Facts
OCTA -- Trail Graves
OCTA -- Site Marking
  Wagon Train 
    Wagon Trains - 1843 Wagon Train Pioneers 
  Information about Wagon Trains 
  Oregon Pioneers 
Across the Plains in '64 - alternate site with part 2.
  Emigrant Diaries and Journals 
   Census of Overland Emigrant Documents
The Overland Trail - Links to Western Trails
PIONEER TRAILS FROM U. S. LAND SURVEYS by Morris Werner 
  Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail Home Page 
  Heritage Gateways: Mormon Trail Wagon Trek 
   Mormonism and the American Mainstream 
  Pioneer Arizona Living History Museum
Pioneer Life
     Letters of a Woman Homesteader
The West and Pioneers
A history of the NW Coast
   "The Santa Fe Trail Center Larned, Kansas"
The Santa Fe Trail Research Site
The Interactive Santa Fe Trail (SFT) Homepage
PEOPLE OF COLOR ON THE WESTERN FRONTIER 
Timeline of Black History in the Pacific Northwest
Biographical Sketches of Black Pioneers and Settlers in the Northwest
Orphan Trains of Kansas
  Indian Raids in Lincoln County Kansas main page 
  Pioneers/Westward Expansion
  Women Pioneers-Westward, Learning Page 
  Women in Westward Expansion 
  They Called Them the Mercer Girls: Washington Territory's Cargo of Mail Order Brides - part 2. 
  THE OLD SPANISH TRAIL 
  American West - Frontier Trails
  Marcus and Narcissa Whitman 
    The Open Range and New Land Openings 
  There are no Renters Here: Homesteading in a Sod House
  Websteader: Pioneer Sod Houses, c.1880 - 2003
  Prairie Homestead and the Badlands Trading Post - Philip, South Dakota
  Prairie Settlement (American Memory, Library of Congress) 
  The Northern Great Plains, 1880-1920: Photographs 
  A Prairie Childhood (in .pdf format) 
  Etext of The Oregon Trail by Francis Parkman, Jr. 
Land and agriculture data for 113 reservations, agencies, and tribal units 
  Comparing Allotment and Homesteading, 1900-1915 
   PBS - Frontier House 
  Sun River Homestead | PBS 
  Little House in the Census: Almanzo and Laura Ingalls Wilder 
  PBS ONLINE: DEATH OF THE DREAM 
  Frederick Jackson Turner, "Significance of the Frontier" 
  Turner: The Frontier In American History 
THE DONNER PARTY
The American Experience/The Donner Party 
  MAP: The Donner Party/Route to Hell 
   The Donner Party - alternate site. 
  Education First: Donner Online 
New Light on the Donner Party 
CAVALRY, FORTS, BISON (BUFFALO) & NATIVE AMERICANS
Indian Stories: How Native Americans Saw Their World Disappear
  American West - Great site for info on tribes, etc. 
  MAP: Native American Western Reservations, 1875 
  Native American Documents Project 
The Blackhawk War, 1831-1832 
  Indian Removal Act 
The Cherokee Trail of Tears - 1838-1839
  Trail of Tears 
Trail of Tears-North Georgia History
Indians and Indian Battles
  Indian Raids in Lincoln County Kansas main page 
  Battles of the Indian War Period 
Indian Wars
More on the Indian Wars
  NAMED CAMPAIGNS - INDIAN WARS 
  National Indian Wars Association 
  Indian Weapons - Scalping 
The Plains Indians
  The Dakota Conflict Trials of 1862
Carlisle Indian Industrial School
  Chief Red Cloud on Indian Rights
  Chiefs & Other Important Native Americans 
   The Story of the Battle of the Washita
  Washita Battlefield National Historic Site Homepage
  Tribes - AOL SITE, but VERY GOOD 
  Frontier Army
  Everyday Life at a Frontier Fort 
  HISTORIC FORTS
    Texas Frontier Forts
Portraits in Black-The Buffalo Soldiers 
Buffalo Soldiers & the Western Frontier
   The Buffalo Soldiers on the Western Frontier
  The Buffalo Soldiers 
The U.S. Camel Corps
  THE US ARMY CAMEL CORPS 
  The Army's bold experiment with the U.S. Camel Corps 
INDIAN WAR PERIOD MEDALS OF HONOR
  INTERIM AWARDS OF MEDAL OF HONOR 1866-1870
Indian Wars Journal
  PBS - THE WEST - Fight No More Forever - Native Americans 
  Sacred Legacy: Edward S. Curtis and the North American Indian 
  Buffalo Tales: The Near-Extermination of the American Bison, Native Americans 
  Bison or Buffalo & Native Americans- Buffalo Field Campaign 
  Native Americans and the Buffalo 
  Native American, the White Buffalo 
  Buffalo of South Dakota  
Sites on specific tribes or events can be found on my Native Americans page. For events surrounding the exploration of the "New World" beginning with Columbus, please visit my From Colonies to Revolution page.
CUSTER & THE BATTLE OF THE LITTLE BIG HORN
Did you know? Custer was the youngest General in US history, he was promoted at the age of 23.

The Battle of the Little Bighorn, 1876 
  Custer's Last Stand, 1876, Dead and Wounded 
George Custer: Little Big Horn Associates, Inc.
The General George A.Custer
  PBS - THE WEST - Yellow Hair 
  "Comanche" - Army Horse - only U.S. Army survivor 
MORSE CODE
Samuel F. B. Morse
Morse Code and the Phonetic Alphabets 
THE PONY EXPRESS
Pony Express
Poetry of The Pony Express
American West - Pony Express Information
Pony Express Home Station 
WAGONS, STAGES, TRANSPORTATION
Road Through the Wilderness
     prairie schooner 
  Conestoga wagon 
  Prairie schooner designed to ford streams, negotiate mountain trails 
  Prairie Schooners 
   Wagons
  The Concord Coach: Picture
  STAGE TRAVEL IN AMERICA
  THE OVERLAND STAGE
The Overland Trail: The Concord Coach Page
The Concord Coach/Wagons
  Adventures of Wells Fargo
  Wells Fargo Art Gallery 
Western Stagecoach Travel 
  Stagecoach Pony Express Stage Coach Pony Express Rider
  Mule Skinners and Freight Wagons 
   Stagecoach Drivers Shotgun Guards 
  Wheelwrights 
  Abbott Downing Company 
  Batteaux and 'Battoe Men'
Canoes
   Transcontinental Railroad - Driving the Last Spike
  Transcontinental Railroad Pictures and Exhibits - History - Photography
  Central Pacific Railroad Photographic History Museum  
  CHINESE-AMERICAN CONTRIBUTION TO TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILROAD 
  The Great Train Robbery of 1870, the first train robbery.
Train Robbery, 1899 
   Railroads West! 
Railroad History below in its own section!
CATTLE, RANCHING, HORSES, ETC.
MAP: Texas Cattle Trails
  MAP: Three major cattle trails
  TIMELINE: History of the Longhorn Breed
Glossary of Ranching Terms
  Cattle Drives 
Chisholm Trail History
Along the Chisholm Trail
  The Chisholm Trail Cowboy Tales 
  The Chisholm Trail (FAQ) 
  Chisholm Trail | Home 
  Chisholm Trail Collection 
  Cattlemen and Cowboys 
  Texas Longhorn Country:: History of Longhorn cattle
   RANCHING IN SPANISH TEXAS
  People in THE WEST - Charles Goodnight
Oliver Loving and the Goodnight-Loving Trail, Trail Drives of the Old West
Chronological History of Humans and Their Relationship With the Horse
  NATIVE AMERICANS AND THE HORSE
  INDIANS AND HORSES AT WAR
  ARTIST GEORGE CATLIN'S OBSERVATIONS ABOUT THE HORSE
  HorseWeb Links 
  Anti-Horse Thief Assc.
  Cattle Rustler 
Famous Horses
List of Horse Links 
Barbed Wire
Barbed Wire History
  Barbed Wire Images 
Don't Fence Me In - Table of Contents
Glidden's Patent for Barbed Wire
Devil's Rope Barbed Wire Museum Homepage
Famous Cows
    Cattle: Brands and Branding
  The History of Cattle Brands
  Around the Campfire - Cattle Brands
  Stonewall (TX) County Brands
  Soza Family Cattle Brands (Arizona)
  Cattle Brands  
For more, visit the Wild West section on my Texas History page.
COWBOYS & COWGIRLS
History of The Cowboy Hat Main Page
Buckaroos: Views of a Western Way of Life 
  PBS - THE WEST - Cowboys
   National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum
  The National Cowgirl Museum & Hall of Fame - Home Page
  Cowgals Home On The Web!  
     The Texas Cowboy Gazette, History of the Texas Cowboy
  The Texas Cowboy; Poetry
Cowboy Songs
       Home on the Range: Richard Phillips 
  Trials of the Trail: African-American Cowboy Will Crittendon 
   The Cowboy and the City 
  Cowboy Myths
  Introduction to Cowboys
  American Cowboys
     WESTERN - COWBOYS & Dude Larsen Postcards - Walt's Postcards
Politics Made Simple: Government & Religion Cow Analogy - a little bit of humor! 
For more, visit the Wild West section on my Texas History page.
THERE'S GOLD IN THEM THAR' HILLS!!!
The Gold Rush  
  The American Experience for Kids | WayBack - Gold Rush
The California Gold Country: Introduction
  The Gold Rush 
  The Gold Rush: Fun facts
  PBS - THE WEST - The Day of Forty-nine 
  Gold Rush! California's Untold Stories, Oakland Museum of California.
     Sutter's Mill and the California Gold Rush
Teaching The California Gold Rush
  Gold Rush and Anti-Chinese Race Hatred - 1849
Women in the Gold Rush 
Silver & Gold: Cased images of the California Gold Rush at Oakland Museum of Ca
    Hard Drive to the Klondike: Promoting Seattle During the Gold Rush
  As Precious as Gold, the Alaska/Klondike Gold Rush 
  The American Experience/Gold Fever in the Klondike 
  40 Gold Rush Town Links 
THE CHINESE IN AMERICA
TIMELINE: Chinese American History 
  Chinese Immigration to the United States
Documents on Anti-Chinese Immigration Policy
  CHINESE-AMERICAN CONTRIBUTION TO TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILROAD 
  Gold Rush and Anti-Chinese Race Hatred - 1849 
Chinese Immigration to San Francisco - 1874 
Chinese Exclusion Act, 1882
Chinese Exclusion 
  San Francisco History by Subject - Great site, just scroll down to section on "Chinese" 
OLD WEST GHOST TOWNS
The Ghost Town Site 
Ghost Towns and History of the American Old West,Ghost towns indexed by state
Texas Ghost Towns
Steins - a railroad ghost town near Lordsburg, New Mexico - one of my favorite places to visit!
   Texas ghosts - haunted towns, hotels, depots, memories and pasts. 
    GHOSTS OF THE PRAIRIE: AMERICAN GHOSTS & HAUNTINGS 
Old West Gravesites - Main Page 
  Grave Locations of the Old West
  WesternOutlaw.com - Gravesites 
GOOD GUYS VS. BAD GUYS: GUNSLINGERS, THE LAW, & OTHER COLORFUL PEOPLE OF THE WEST
PBS - THE WEST - People Index 
  Cowboy.com Historical Personalities - just type a name in the search box. 
IMAGES - The Law of the West
  Gunslingers and Outlaws 
   FrontierTimes - Outlaws, Gunfighters-Gunslingers and Lawmen of the Wild West  
John Charles Fremont - a brief biography
Henry Nash Smith: Daniel Boone
The Adventures of Daniel Boone 
  Frontier Justice
  A TOMBSTONE ONLINE TOUR 
Tombstone Arizona history from the legendary Clanton Ranch
The Gunfighter Zone 
  AmericanWest - "DOC" HOLLIDAY - Doc Holliday - Doc Holliday: A Family Portrait
Gunfight At The OK Corral - Tombstone
  Stagecoach Mary
Wild Bill Hickok
  HistoryBuff.com -- The Murder of "Wild Bill" Hickok 
  Kansas Gunfighters
  Welcome to Old West Gunslingers of Montana 
  The Lady Outlaw's Hideout
    Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid Links 
  The Last Days of Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid
  Wild Bunch History
  Billy The Kid Links 
  “A Well-Mannered Bandit and a Killer”: Little Berta Ballard Remembers Billy the Kid 
  CALAMITY JANE 
  Calamity Jane biography  
  Annie Oakley
Oklahombres: The Study of Oklahoma Lawman and Outlaw History
History of Deadwood 
  Allan Pinkerton and His Detective Agency: "We Never Sleep" by Joseph Geringer 
   Old West Gravesites - Main Page - tombstones of gunfighters, outlaws, & lawmen
  WANTED DEAD OR ALIVE; REWARD POSTERS OF OLD WEST DESPERADOS 
  Old West Cowboy Store - Wanted Posters  
  The Old West History & Gunfighter Polls 
  Outlaws - Gunmen - Lawmen - Stories and facts of the old west 
  The Gunfighter's Favorite Links 
  Buffalo Bill and Native Americans
  Buffalo Bill Cody - BUFFALO BILL - Buffalo Bill History - Buffalo Bill Museum & Grave Golden Colorado - Buffalo Bill and William Cody - Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show - In Search of Buffalo Bill Cody  
FIRE ARMS
A Guide To Period Firearms and Their Use  
  Guns Firearms and Ammunition History 
     Samuel Colt Invents the Revolver - Colt Revolver - History of the Colt Revolver  
     EMF Company, Source of Authentic Cowboy Action Firearm Reproductions 
   Cas City - Cowboy Action Shooting Worldwide 
IMAGES OF THE WEST
The Photography Collection: Western USA 
  PBS - THE WEST - Archives
  The Northern Great Plains, 1880-1920 (American Memory, Library of Congress)
  Settling the Land - Farming the Land 
  TreasureNet Historical Image Collection 
  Guide to Illustrations: Excerpts from 'Marvels of the New West'. 
  Images of the American West - The Law of the West
Photos of Bison taken by Galen R. Frysinger, Sheboygan, Wisconsin
  Old West Gravesites - Main Page
  Image Database--Northern Arizona University Special Collections 
  Clip art links to Western and Native American graphics 
Pictures available at most sites on this page.
"THE WEST IS NOW CLOSED"(1890 U.S. Census)
FREDERICK JACKSON TURNER - THE "FATHER" OF WESTERN HISTORY

Frederick Jackson Turner, "Significance of the Frontier"
   Turner: The Frontier In American History - Complete text!!!
For a specific chapter, check Turner: Table of Contents 
More Sites on the WILD WEST
More Western Sites are available on my TEXAS HISTORY page. And specific sites on Native Americans can be found on my Native Americans page.

New Perspectives on THE WEST - MAIN MENU
TIMELINE: Events in the West: Prehistory - 1917 
  MAP: Trails and Territories Index
  MAPS: Western States Index - for more state history, check out my 50 states webpage.
  OUTLINE: The Frontier West
  PRIMARY DOCUMENTS & PICTURES: THE WEST - Archives
  PBS - THE WEST - People Index
  EyeWitness To The Old West
  Old West Kansas: KS Pioneers History, Wild West Frontier
  American Economic Growth: Movement South and Westward 
  American West 
  Search the West 
Which "Old West" and Whose? 
  The Old West
    The American West, 1865 - 1900
  The West in the Gilded Age
WestWeb: Western History Resource
  Virgin Land: The American West as Symbol and Myth
   The Wild, Wild West
Jim Janke's Old West 
  Old West Gravesites - Main Page
  Texas and War with Mexico - Much more on my Texas History webpage.
   GhostRiders Stunt Co. reenactors of Old West and American Frontier History.
        FRBSF Currency Exhibit: Westward Expansion Currency
  MISSION ARCHITECTURE - More on the Spanish missions can be found on my From Colonies to Revolution and Texas History pages.
The Autry Museum of Western Heritage 
San Francisco History by Subject & Index to San Francisco History by Subject
    Frontier Heritage Alliance: historical resources
  A Literary History of the American West 
  Literary History of the American West - Across the Wide Missouri 
  History Online 
  Chronicle of the Old West/Old West Newspaper 
  The Pig War: How a pig almost changed American history 
  History of Wyandotte County, Kansas and its People 
  Buffalo Bill's Wild West and Pawnee Bill's Great Far East Combined 1912 
  Conner Prairie Living History Museum   
  Frontier Times - Cattle, Brands, etc.
  American West - Swedish Emigration to America
       Civil War in the West & PBS - THE WEST - Civil War in the West - For more, visit my Civil War webpage. 
Jews in the Wild West
  Women Pioneers in American Memory 
   CowboyPal, Home of the Silver Screen Cowboys - The Old West on TV and in the movies! 
    Virgin Land: The American West As Symbol and Myth, by Henry Nash Smith
Myth of the American Frontier, 1783-1900 
Women of the West Museum 
  Save Our History - Frontier Homes Game 
  The Freeman School: Building Prairie Communities 
  Contents: Excerpts from 'Marvels of the New West'. 
  The Weekly South Dakotan 
  Multicultural American West 

INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
GENERAL SITES
OUTLINE: American Industrialization 
  OUTLINE: Industrial Revolution and Reform
  TIMELINE: From Frontier to Factory 1845-1916 
  Industrial Revolution Highlights 
  The Industrial Revolution
More Industrial Revolution 
  Industrial Revolution - Second Industrial Revolution
  The Industrial Revolution - Impact  
   The Two Countries That Invented The Industrial Revolution 
  Internet Modern History Sourcebook: Industrial Revolution
  Rise of Industrial America Overview
The Impact of the Industrial Revolution on Families 
  Industrial US
  AMERICAN ECONOMIC GROWTH 
  THE MARKET REVOLUTION, 1815-1860 
   Industrial Revolution Sites
  Industrial Revolution - America and the Industrial Revolution
  Industrial Revolution and 19th century links 
  The Second Industrial Revolution 
  Progress and Poverty
  Resources - Nationalism, Industrialism, Imperialism 
  BBC - History - Industrialisation 
  GAME: Industrial Revolution  
For more relating to the Industrial Revolution, visit my England, Great Britain, UK page.
LABOR & BUSINESS: THE WORKERS & "ROBBER BARONS"
THE WORKERS
TIMELINE: Labor Movement 
The War between Capital and Labor
   Work in the Late 19th Century 
  The Struggle of Labor
  Samuel Gompers Papers
  Eight-Hour Movement
  How labor won its day - The History of Labor Day
Life in a Factory: Westinghouse Works, 1904
  Life and Labor in the Victorian Period 
  Life of Ninteenth-Century Workers 
  Victorian Social History: An Overview 
  Victorian Working Women: Sweated Labor & Victorian Women -- Economic Contexts  
   The Impact of the Industrial Revolution on Servant-Master Relationships
The History Place - Child Labor in America 
  Photographs of LewisHine: Documentation of Child Labor 
  Picturing the Century: Portfolio: Lewis Hine
  Rediscovering Jacob Riis: Photographer, Journalist, Social Reformer - BIOGRAPHY OF JACOB RIIS
Child Labour in the 19th Century
  Child labor in Factories During the Industrial Revolution 
Child Labor and Child Labor Reform in American History
Child Labor in New York City Tenements
  Women's Work in the 19th Century
  Open Collections Program: Women Working 
  Heaven Will Protect the Working Girl (Immigration & Sweatshops)  
  Newsboys - "Devils In Training" 
  Factory Conditions 
  Working Conditions 
   The Life and Work of Coal Miners 
A History of American Sweatshops, 1820 - Present 
american history sweatshop exhibition  
  The Lowell Mills 
  Lowell Mill Girls - Women's Factory Work and Organizing 
  Lowell Mill Girls and the Rhetoric of Women's Labor Unrest 
  Harriet Robinson -- Lowell Mills 
   The Haymarket Martyrs  
  The Dramas of Haymarket 
  Haymarket Affair (American Memory, Library of Congress) 
  Chicago Historical Society - The Haymarket Digital Collection 
  Governor John Peter Altgeld Pardons The Haymarket Prisoners 
  Strike at Homestead Mill 
  The Homestead Strike
  Labor-Management Conflict in American History
  The Strike at Homestead, 1892
  The Labor Movement in the Public Eye
    "Making Steel and Making Men" 
  Excerpt from Out of the Sweatshop: 'My First Job' 
  The Story of a Sweatshop Girl: Sadie Frowne 
  HistoryBuff.com -- History Library -- The Triangle Shirtwaist Fire 
  National eight hour law : proclamation / U.S. Grant 
   A Mule Spinner Tells the U.S. Senate about Late 19th century Unemployment 
  Coal Mining in the Gilded Age and Progressive Era
George Pullman - 1894: Pullman Strike, The Pullman Strike, THE PULLMAN STRIKE: ITS CAUSES AND EVENTS 
  1877: Grand Army of Starvation - Railroad Strike
  Samuel Gompers: First President of the AFL, 1886-1924 
  United States Labor and Industrial History Audio Archive 
  A Curriculum of United States Labor History for Teachers. 
  Photos From The Triangle Factory Fire - The Triangle Shirtwaist Fire Trial (1911, but fits with this topic) 
THE ROBBER BARONS
Who were the Robber Barons? 
  The Robber Barons
  Railroad Robber Barons: Jay Gould, James Fisk, & Daniel Drew - More Railroad History below.
Businessmen and "That Creature" the Corporation 
  The Lords of Industry, June 1884 by Henry Demarest Lloyd
The American Experience/Andrew Carnegie
Bridging the Urban Landscape: Andrew Carnegie: A Tribute
  Andrew Carnegie: Gospel of Wealth 
   American Experience | The Rockefellers
THE HISTORY OF THE STANDARD OIL COMPANY
John D Rockefeller and the Standard Oil Company 
JOHN DAVISON ROCKEFELLER, JR., Personal Papers
   CORNELIUS VANDERBILT 
Vanderbilt Mansion
  Martin J. Sklar, "Capitalism and Socialism in the Emergence of Modern America"
  Progress & Poverty: An inquiry into the cause of industrial depressions by Henry George 
More info on Labor History can be found on my General U.S.A. History & U.S. Government webpages.
IMMIGRANT WORKERS FOR THE INDUSTRIAL MACHINE
The Rise of Industrial America 1876-1900: Immigration to the US 
  Immigration in the 19th and 20th Centuries 
  Immigration History 
  History Now & History Now. From the Teachers Desk - great primary sources on landmark Supreme Court cases relating to immigration.  
  Foreign Immigrants in Industrial America
  IMAGES: Immigrants: North Dakota, Land of Opportunity - 1880-1920 
    Heaven Will Protect the Working Girl (Immigration & Sweatshops)   
Documents on Anti-Chinese Immigration Policy
  The Migration to North America 
  Asian American Historical Timeline 
Chinese American History Timeline 
  Chinese Immigration to the United States 
  The Chinese in California, 1850-1925 (American Memory, Library of Congress) 
  No Irish Need Apply
    History House: Eugenics Part I: You Can’t Keep a Good Idiot Down 
  History House: Eugenics Part II: License to Breed 
  Summary of Population of United States During 1800's 
  Encyclopaedia of USA History: Immigration to the USA 1860-1960 
  SnapShots - Immigration in the Early 20th Century
  The Triangle Shirtwaist Fire Trial - Photos From The Triangle Factory Fire (1911) 
For more info and tons of links on immigration, past & present, visit my 20th Century America page! Also, check my From Colonies to Revolution webpage.
CITY LIFE IN THE 19TH CENTURY
OUTLINE: The Rise of the American City 
  BBC - History: Victorians 
URBAN PLANNING, 1794-1918
  Five Points: nineteenth-century New York neighborhood 
Tenement Museum: New York City 1870-1920
MOVING UPTOWN: Nineteenth-century Views of Manhattan 
  City Life in the Late 19th Century 
  EVERYDAY LIFE 
   How the Other Half Lives: Studies Among the Tenements of New York by Jacob Riis
  Urban Experience In Chicago: Hull-House and Its Neighborhoods, 1889-1963 
  Victorian Society in America
  Victorian Era Etiquette 
  Tamara's Victorian Corner
  19th century Fashion - more sites available on my Fashion History page.
Health and Hygiene in the Nineteenth Century
Nineteenth Century Social Dance 
Memories of Pantall-Martin Store
Martin's Gen'L Store - Home Page
  The Lost Museum - Introduction 
  The 1900 House - Home  
RURAL LIFE IN THE 19TH CENTURY
Agrarian Distress and the Rise of Populism
  AGRICULTURAL DISCONTENT & the THE POPULIST MOVEMENT 
  Daily Rual Work for a 19th Century Man
  Rural Life in the United States
  PBS - Frontier House 
  Excerpts from 'Marvels of the New West'. - Guide to Illustrations  
  Little House in the Census: Almanzo and Laura Ingalls Wilder 
  IMAGES: Farming the Land - 1880-1920 
  IMAGES: Settling the Land - 1880-1920 
  PBS ONLINE: DEATH OF THE DREAM 
  EVERYDAY LIFE 
BEGINNINGS OF THE TEMPERANCE MOVEMENT
Liquor Control, Temperance, and Prohibition
  Woman's Crusade of 1873-74 
For more, check out the Prohibition section on my 20th Century America page.
WOMEN IN THE 19TH CENTURY
Women in America, 1820-1842 
  Housework in Late 19th Century America 
  Gender Matters: An Overview 
  Women and Social Movements in the United States, 1775-1940 
  Browse Document Projects by Date, Women and Social Movements in the U.S. 
    Women's Work in the 19th Century 
Mothers and Uncle Tom: Motherhood from 1830 - 1870
  Women's Lives - 19th Century 
  Women's Work - 19th Century 
Miss Abigail's Time Warp Advice - See how Parent's advice to their children has changed over the years.
  Victoriana Library, Harper's Bazar, Vanderbilt Trousseau
Victoriana Study Center, Harper's Bazar Magazine
Victorian and Edwardian Photographs- Costume Research Library 
Godey's Lady's Book Online Home Page - 19th Century Women's Magazine
  The 1900 House - Home  
Info on the Suffrage Movement can be found on my Women webpage.
Info on 19th century women's fashion can be found on my FASHION: PAST AND PRESENT page.

MISC. INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION TOPICS
FRBSF Currency Exhibit: Industrial Revolution, First True National Currency 
  The Industrial Revolution and Transportation (1800-1870)  
  American Experience | Transcontinental Railroad - much more below in own section. 
  Nineteenth-century Regional Writing in the United States
  Responses to Death in Nineteenth Century America 
  Digital History - Food in America 
Welcome to Dime Novels - the pulp fiction of the 19th century.
Daze of Our Lives - 19th century humor, sort of.
  From Travel to Tourism - people start going on vacation!!!
  Context: 19th-century America
  Progress & Poverty: An inquiry into the cause of industrial depressions 
  Yale Professor William Graham Sumner Prescribes Laissez-Faire for Depression 
  THE INCORPORATION OF AMERICA: CULTURE AND SOCIETY IN THE GILDED AGE 

19TH CENTURY INVENTION & SCIENCE
Industrial Revolution Inventors Chart
Innovative Inventions
  Google Patents - search historic patents
     American Inventors and Inventions
  BBC - History - Industrialisation - Industry and Invention 
  19th Century SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN Online 
  America's First Look into the Camera: Daguerreotype Portraits and Views, 1839-1864
  The American Experience | Edison's Miracle of LIght
   Edison After Forty
Thomas Edison
  Edison National Historic Site  - Sounds - Home Page 
  TELEGRAPH, SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENT & RADIO MUSEUMS 
  Tribute to the Telephone Home Page  
Alexander Graham Bell's Path to the Telephone 
Bell Notebooks Project 
Launch Pad for Bell's Path to the Telephone
The American Experience/The Telephone 
  The American Experience | George Eastman: The Wizard of Photography 
  History House: Eugenics Part I: You Can’t Keep a Good Idiot Down 
  History House: Eugenics Part II: License to Breed 
For more on inventors, drop by my Inventors and Inventions page!
RAILROADS!!!
TIMELINE: Transcontinental Railroads 
    MAPS: Railroad Collection
  MAP: Railways of Southern States During the Civil War 
  The History of the First Locomotives in America
  Railroads in the Late 19th Century 
British Railways in the 19th Century  
  American Experience | Transcontinental Railroad 
   Railroad History 
Encyclopedia Smithsonian: Transportation History 
Transcontinental Railroad - Driving the Last Spike
  The Great Train Robbery of 1870, the first train robbery.
Train Robbery, 1899 
   Railroads West!
Robber Barons: Jay Gould, James Fisk, & Daniel Drew
George Pullman - 1894: Pullman Strike, The Pullman Strike, THE PULLMAN STRIKE: ITS CAUSES AND EVENTS 
  1877: Grand Army of Starvation - Railroad Strike
    Crash at Crush, Texas -- 1896 
   National Railroad Museum Home Page
The National Railway Museum of Britain
   www.rrhistorical.com 
All Aboard! Railroads 
Steam Engine Library 
Jerry's Railroad Photo Album - Photo Archive 
Central Pacific Railroad Photographic History Museum 
   J. L. Toth Historic Railroads and Railroad Museums List
   The American Experience/The Iron Road
    KatyRailroad.org / Katy Railroad Historical Society
  United Pacific Rail Road-History & Photos 
  Harvey Girls 
  A Harvey House Home Page: Hotels, Lunchrooms, Restaurants in the Old West  
  Fred Harvey Collection Exhibit - Welcome 
    The Industrial Revolution and Transportation (1800-1870) 
  Orphan Trains of Kansas 
  Transcontinental Railroad Pictures and Exhibits - History
  CHINESE-AMERICAN CONTRIBUTION TO TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILROAD  
  The Great Railroad Race - Transcontinental Railroad Interactive Railroad Project 
More on Railways in the Transportation History on my 20th Century America page.

THE GILDED AGE - the term coined by Mark Twain
  TIMELINE: Gilded Age - From Frontier to Factory 1845-1916 
     MAP: Territorial Growth of the United States by 1900
     Academic Info: U.S. History - Modern America: Gilded Age
   The Gilded Age, 1855-1900 
  The Gilded Age in America 
   The Emergence of Modern America Virtual Library  
  The Emergence of Modern America (1890-1930) 
Cartoons of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era 
  History of the 19th Century in Political Cartoons 
  William McKinley in Political Cartoons
    THE RISE OF THE UNITED STATES
  POLITICS IN THE GILDED AGE
  The Gilded Age and the Politics of Corruption 
  Politics in The Gilded Age 
  The Ten Major Characteristics of Republican During the Gilded Age 
  United States History: The Gilded Age (1890) to World War I
  Tammany Hall
  "Agricultural Problems and Gilded Age Politics" 
  The Gilded Age and the Progressive Era 
   Reconstruction & the Gilded Age
    Immigration in the Guilded Age and Progressive Era 
  The 1890s Society 
1890s links 
   1896 Presidential election: Cartoons & Commentary
  Etiquette for the Ball Room 
Victorian Dancing Etiquette 
Victoriana Library, Calling Card Etiquette 
  Gilded Age Genres 
  Gilded Age Documents 
  THE INCORPORATION OF AMERICA: CULTURE AND SOCIETY IN THE GILDED AGE 
  Reconstruction, The Gilded Age, Progressivism & Imperialism 
Welcome to Dime Novels - the pulp fiction of the 19th century. 
For more, check out the section below on the Progressive Era.

SPANISH - AMERICAN WAR
TIMELINE: Spanish American War Chronology
  TIMELINE: Spanish-American War
CHART: Key Events & Battles 
  MAPS: Spanish American War 
  PRIMARY SOURCES: Action Reports & First Hand Accounts
  PRIMARY SOURCE: The Teller & Platt Amendments 
  POLITICAL CARTOONS: The Spanish-American War
The Spanish American War Centennial Website!
The World of 1898: The Spanish-American War Home Page - Introduction 
  Crucible of Empire - PBS Online 
   Events -- Spanish-American War  
  Spanish American War 
The War with Spain 
   Biographies of Important People 
  SPANISH/AMERICAN WAR BACKGROUND
  Remember the Maine
  The Spanish American War - One American's View 
  The Spanish American War - One Spaniard's View 
  American Foreign Policy in the Late 19th Century: Philosophical Underpinnings 
  Casualties
  Average Soldier, Women in the Spanish American War, Uniforms, & Medals of the War 
  Relative Monetary Costs of American Wars
     U. S. Navy & Spanish Fleets 
   Weapons  & Military Units
  Medicine in the War & Yellow Fever and Spanish-American War
THE WAR IN Cuba, Philippines, Puerto Rico, & Actions in Hawaii and Guam 
  Black, White and Yellow Journalism and Correspondents of the War
  Yellow Journalism and the Spanish/American War
   Music of the War Era
  The Home Front
Theodore Roosevelt his Ethic and The Battle of San Juan Hill
  Rough Riding Links!! 
Rough Riders 
     William McKinley and the Spanish-American War 
  The Difficulties in the Formation of V Corps for the Spanish-American War
New York Public Library Online Exhibition of the Spanish American War
The Spanish-American War in Motion Pictures - alternate site. 
SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR MEDAL OF HONOR RECIPIENTS 
    Last Surviving Veterans of the Spanish American War
PRIMARY DOCUMENT: Treaty of Peace Between the United States and Spain 
  The Motion Picture Camera Goes to War 
IMPERIALISM
OUTLINE: Economic Reasons for Imperialism 
  AMERICAN IMPERIALISM, 1898-1917 
   U.S. Diplomatic History - On the Road to Empire  
  U.S. History - Early Imperialism 
  BBC - History: Empire and Seapower
  Reasons for Empire  
  Ideological Reasons for Empire 
  Strategic Reasons for Empire 
  Political Reasons for Empire  
  Creating the Empire  
  Managing the Empire 1899-1909  
  Explorations: Becoming a World Power 
  Building the Military Forces of a World Power, 1899-1917 
  Resources - Nationalism, Industrialism, Imperialism 
   The Age of Imperialism 
  America as Imperial Power and International Beacon 
   BoondocksNet.com - great site on Imperialism from the 19th century into the 20th century.
Anti-Imperialism in the United States, 1898-1935 
  Platform of the Anti-Imperialist League 
Imperialism Resources 
  The Policemen of the World
Imperialists and Anti-Imperialists: The Roots of American Non-Intervention Movement
  American Imperialism in the Philippines 
  A Splendid Little War 
  The History Guy: Philippine American War 
  PHILIPPINE INSURRECTION MEDAL OF HONOR RECIPIENTS 
  Voices of Imperialism and War - The Philippine-American War (1899-1902) 
  Rudyard Kipling, The White Man's Burden 
"The White Man's Burden" and Its Critics
Colonialism and Imperialism Resource 
Imperialism is Easy - John Dewey
  Sen. Albert J. Beveridge on American Imperialism, 1900 
American Foreign Policy in the Late 19th Century: Philosophical Underpinnings 
  America & Imperialism
  Imperialism Lecture Guide 
  All Empires - Age of Imperialism 
  America & Imperialism 
  Progressivism, Imperialism, & World War I  
More info on Imperialism can be found on my 20th Century America (Panama Canal) page. You can also find info on my Non-Western Cultures page.

THE PROGRESSIVE ERA
OUTLINE: The Progressive Era 
  OUTLINE: Reform Movements in Early 19th Century America 
  TIMELINE: Progressive Dates 
   Reformers and Crusaders of the 1830s & 40s 
Progressivism - what it's all about
Progressive Presidents
Laws Resulting from the Progressive Movement
Muckrakers
  Progressive Era 
Cartoons of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era - Thomas Nast
Coal Mining in the Gilded Age and Progressive Era
  Progressivism: Home Page
Immigration in the Guilded Age and Progressive Era
  How the Industrial Revolution Inspired Progressivism
  The Dawn of Liberalism: Progressivism
  Progressive Men, Women, and Movements 
  Women and Social Movements in the United States, 1775-1940 
  Browse Document Projects by Date, Women and Social Movements in the U.S.  
  Women, Feminism, and Sex in Progressive America
  People, Places, Politics, and Social Movements of the Progressive Era 
   Mind Your Business!: One Woman’s Encounter with Reformers
  Progressive Era to New Era, 1900 - 1929 
  JANE ADDAMS, MOTHER OF THE WORLD
  Jane Addams Hull-House Museum Home Page
  Urban Experience In Chicago: Hull-House and Its Neighborhoods, 1889-1963 
    Naper Settlement Home Page
   DOROTHEA DIX & THE STATE’S FIRST LUNATIC ASYLUM
  Dorothea Dix Biography
   How the Other Half Lives: Studies Among the Tenements of New York by Jacob Riis - More on tenements and life in the 19th Century City above in the section on the Industrial Revolution. 
  The Evolution of the Conservation Movement, 1850-1920
  The Reform Impulse 
  Roosevelts's Reforms 
  Taft and Wilson 
     The Jungle by Upton Sinclair: regulating the meat-packing industry  
More info above in the section on the Gilded Age.
For more info, visit my Presidents & 20th Century pages to check out more Teddy Roosevelt sites. 
THE POPULIST PARTY
OUTLINE: Gilded Age Politics, 1869-1900
Agrarian Distress and the Rise of Populism 
  "Agricultural Problems and Gilded Age Politics" 
  AGRICULTURAL DISCONTENT & the THE POPULIST MOVEMENT  
   Platform of the Populist Party - Populist Party Platform
  1896 Presidential election: Cartoons & Commentary
  1896: The People's Party 
  William Jennings Bryan, "Cross of Gold"  Democratic Convention, 1896
Populist Party - Greenback party
  How Ya' Gonna Keep 'Em Down on the Farm?: The Rise of Populism
Recent Literature on American Populism 
  The Grange Connection - America's Family Fraternity
     Rural Life in the United States in the 19th Century
   Revolution in Agriculture 
    The Wonderful Wizard of Oz: Parable on Populism 

MARK TWAIN
Mark Twain in His Times 
  PBS - Mark Twain: A Film Directed by Ken Burns 
  Mark Twain (1835-1910) American writer
The Mark Twain Papers and Project, The Bancroft Library
  Mark's Quotes 
     Mark Twain Postcards
TwainWeb (Mark Twain Forum home page)  
For more on Twain and other great American authors, visit my Literature and Drama page.
P. T. BARNUM, VAUDEVILLE & ENTERTAINMENT
Barnum Museum: Enter the Big Tent
P. T. Barnum (1810-1891) & Creative Quotations: 
P. T. Barnum
P. T. Barnum Never Did Say "There's a Sucker Born Every Minute"
  Welcome to The Lost Museum: P. T. Barnum's American Museum
  The Elephant Comes to America
Before the movies there was Houdini and Vaudeville: Great Site!!!
American Variety Stage: Vaudeville and Popular Entertainment, 1870-1920
AMERICAN VAUDEVILLE MUSEUM 
    The Minstrel Show - Racism on stage. 
  Black-Face Minstrelsy 
   American Popular Music before 1900
  Stephen Foster Songs 
Dreams of the Past: 19th Century Color Lithographic Sheet Music Covers
  Welcome to Dime Novels - the pulp fiction of the 19th century.
  Stereoviews of the Nineteenth Century  
For more on the history of entertainment, please check out my Music, Literature and Drama, and History of Sports & Entertainment pages.
19TH CENTURY ART AND ARCHITECTURE
For info, please check out my Art & Galleries page.
THE HATFIELDS AND MCCOYS
Hatfield and McCoy Feud
Hatfield-McCoy Timeline
A Map of the Stompin' Grounds
Mountain Culture and Tug Valley Life
Feud Related Links
MISC. 19TH CENTURY SITES
GLOSSARY: How to Speak 19th Century 
  EyeWitness To The 19th Century - EyeWitness To The American Civil War - EyeWitness To The Old West
  19th Century American Culture
  Summary of Population of United States During 1800's 
  Nineteenth Century U.S. Culture Studies 
Our Nation Expands
  American Economic Growth: Movement South and Westward 
  Encyclopaedia of USA History 
  19th Century Web Links 
  EVERYDAY LIFE 
  eHistory.com - the Web site for history enthusiasts, students and educators. 
  The Making of The United States: Westward Expansion 1783 to 1890
  US HISTORY SINCE 1877  
  Reconstruction, The Gilded Age, Progressivism & Imperialism 
  Resources - Nationalism, Industrialism, Imperialism 
John Bull and Uncle Sam: Four Centuries of British-American Relations
  Newspaper Production 1792-1892
  National Expansion and Reform Overview
  Growth and Transformation
Discontent and Reform 
Whigs, Democrats and "Know-Nothings"
  The American Whig Party (roughly from 1834-1856) 
History House: Stories: The Dictionary Wars: Noah Webster 
History House: Stories: The Dictionary Wars II: Worcester vs. Webster
1846: Portrait of the Nation from the National Portrait Gallery 
  Conner Prairie's History Online: The Midwest Before the Civil War
Miss Abigail's Time Warp Advice  - see how advice has changed over the years!
The Great Chicago Fire and the Web of Memory: Welcome
    Lizzie Borden Unlocked (Contents) 
  Introductory Page for Lizzie Borden / Fall River Project 
  Magic, Illusion, Detection 
  The Saloon 
  World's Fairs and International Expositions, 1876-1916 
World's Columbian Exposition: Idea, Experience, Aftermath
  Steamboat-Homepage: The Grand Old South
  Lynching in America
  Eugenics Archive  
   Victoriana.Com, Study Center: 19th Century Web Sites
   Founders Of The Arts & Crafts Movement 1870-1900
  The Arts & Crafts Society
  The Northern Great Plains, 1880-1920: Photographs from the Fred Hultstrand
  Summary of Population of United States During 1800's  
  OSU Department of History 
  History of the Grand Tour 
NELLIE BLY - DAREDEVIL, REPORTER, FEMINIST 
  Home Page of "Tenas Wawa" On-Line  
  Emperor Norton - self declared Emperor of the United States and Protector of Mexico. Joshua Norton was an eccentric who was much loved by the people of San Francisco. More than 30,000 attended his funeral.  

BACK TO General U.S.A. History, From Colonies to Revolution OR MOVE ON TO 20th & 21st Century America. 


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19th century victorian fashion 69
Victorian Clothing Victorian Fashion (PHOTOS ) Victoriana
19th century victorian fashion 65
19th Century America - Teacher Oz
19th century victorian fashion 69
Cached
19th century victorian fashion 65
Victorian Clothing for Men (PHOTOS ) - Victoriana Magazine
19th century victorian fashion 63
A Woman s Place in Victorian Society - Fashion Era
19th century victorian fashion 49
Historical Sewing 19th Century Costuming for Those Who
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